Dunbalapur (Snider Carbine) A traditional rifle
This is the invention of American and later on the British made some changes and called it Snider Carbine by Enfield company. The American Jacob Snider invented the firearm action, and the Snider–Enfield was one of the most widely used of the Snider varieties. The British Army adopted it in 1866 as a conversion system for its ubiquitous Pattern 1853 Enfield muzzle-loading rifles and used it until 1874 when the Martini-Henry rifle began to supersede it. The British Indian Army used the Snider–Enfield until the end of the nineteenth century.
This weapon arrived this part of Hindu Kosh in 1870 when famous British explorer Heyward brought some Sniders in frontiers of Wakhan. When he was killed, Mehtar Mir Wali had confiscated all the things including sniders and pistols. One of his snider has gifted to Mehtar Aman ul Mulk. It was the first breechloader in Chitral. In July 1871 one of British agent saw the rifle with the Mehtar. In 1893, Mehtar Sardar Nizam ul Mulk had given it to British Agent of Gilgit Sir George Robertson.
In 1885, this brand was regularly coming to Chitral by British authorities. According to British sources, which some 200 Sniders were in possession of the Mehtar and other notables in the country. Variants
The Snider–Enfield was produced in several variants. The most commonly encountered variants were the Rifled Musket or Long Rifle, the Short Rifle, and the Cavalry and Artillery Carbines. The Long Rifle has a 36.5 inches (93 cm) barrel and three barrel bands. Its total length (without bayonet) is 54.25 inches (137.8 cm) in length, longer than most rifles of the time.
In Chitral we called them Trong and Balchs
In present, this rifle is outdated and only remains for a show of status in Chitral. Its cartridges are scarce and nobody to use it all.
Mehtar Sardar Nizam ul Mulk was killed by Ahmad Jan by using Snider Carbine.
Soon After 1895 Martini-Henry and MLR rifles were taken place of Sniders in local and military operations.